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De bekendste Italiaanse wijnen zijn afkomstig uit Toscane. Nochtans klinken slechts een handvol namen ons bekend in de oren. Het grootste aandeel van appellaties en druivenrassen is voor de meeste mensen nog terra incognita. Toscane kan echter nog wel degelijk verrassen op wijngebied.

Geschiedenis

De geschiedenis van de Toscaanse wijn gaat bijzonder ver terug in het verleden. Etruria – zoals de regio in de oude geschiedenis heette – was het land van de Etrusken, die er in de 8ste eeuw v.C. neerstreken en aan wijnbouw deden. Zelfs toen al had de Toscaanse wijn een bijzonder goede kwaliteit, ze werd uitgevoerd naar Zuid-Italië en naar het oude Gallië.

Ook in de middeleeuwen werd Toscaanse wijn geroemd. In 1282 vormden de wijnverkopers zelfs een eigen gilde: Arte dei Vinattieri. In die tijd produceerde Toscane hoofdzakelijk rode wijn en Montalcino was toen reeds een afzonderlijke appellatie. De oudste vermelding van Chianti dateert van 1398 en ging over witte wijn.

De moderne geschiedenis bracht op het gebied van wijn niet altijd rozengeur en maneschijn. Rond 1960 had Toscane het bijzonder moeilijk. Economische verschuivingen maar vooral de verloedering van de wijnkwaliteit lagen aan de grondslag van deze malaise.

De jaren zeventig brachten nieuwe investeringen en de regio herstelde zich. Het is in deze periode dat de ‘supertoscanen’ ontstonden: topwijnen die buiten de lijntjes van de bestaande appellaties kleurden en zo een golf van vernieuwing in Toscane veroorzaakten.

Ook anno 2014 blijft er vanalles bewegen in Toscane. Zowel op het vlak van appellaties, druivenrassen, vinificatiestijlen en -methodes blijft de regio zich ook na 2000 nog volop verder ontwikkelen.

Geografie

  • Klimaat: naargelang de ligging maritiem zacht, mediterraan warm of continentaal droog
  • Bodem: klei en zandsteen
  • Ligging: naar alle windrichtingen, tussen 100 en 500 meter hoog

Culinaire specialiteiten

  • Zoutloos brood op basis van spelt uit Garfagnana, in dikke sneden gesneden, vervolgens gegrild, met knoflook ingesmeerd en besprenkeld met lokale olijfolie: de basis van de Toscaanse keuken.
  • Vier beschermde olijfoliesoorten kruiden de lokale keuken: Chianti Classico, Lucca, Terre di Siena en Toscano.
  • Het Val di Chiana-rundvlees is misschien wel het allerbeste dat er bestaat, op voorwaarde dat het vlees kan rijpen. Proef zeker ook Lardo di Colonnata.
  • Winterse maaltijden eindigen in Toscane steevast met een stuk Panforte di Siena, vruchtencake gemaakt met specerijen, gedroogd fruit, amandelen en veel honing.

Bekijk onze wijnen uit Toscana